10 Things You May Not Know About Structured Cabling
Structured Cabling is often hailed for making communication and data networks more efficient while substantially reducing the network downtimes. A structured cabling can be defined as a set or system of cabling as well as related hardware that collectively offer a platform for comprehensive telecommunication. This platform fulfils a wide range of purposes, including data transmission and basic telecommunication services.
- Of late, the very idea or concept of Structured Cabling has become quite popular and is used for setting up a cabling structure and communication setup in commercial buildings and large campuses. The set up consists of a series of smaller, standardized components, which can be customized as per customer’s requirements. Often these components are referred as sub systems.
- External cabling gets through a main telecommunication hub called demarcation points. It connects with the other telecommunication housed at different locations inside a building or campus. Each of these smaller compartments is again connected to the main hub through riser cables. Joining the telecommunication system with every work station achieved through horizontal cabling.
- These telecommunication tools are inseparable parts of the structured cabling systems. Majority of the businesses today are connected to their internet service providers with the help of multi-pair cables that converge at the demarcation point, popularly called entrance facility.
- Modern structured cabling system comprises of multiple connection or telecommunication closet, which are again interconnected by cables known as vertical or riser cables.
- Telecommunications Rooms or TRs (as they are popularly called) are situated on the same floor of a high-rise. TRs can also be connected with these riser cables, though these cables do not run between one floor to another. However, two TRs on two different floors cannot be connected with each other by riser cables.
- The place where a network cable is cut off or terminated, is termed as a work area. Thus, anything, which is connected with a network, is termed as a work area component. A work area component includes network outlets, various types of devices like computers and printers, fax machines and telephones, patch cords and so on.
- All these components of a work area, which so far been discussed will be virtually rendered useless, if they cannot be connected to the network and the rooms of telecommunications. This is where the concept of horizontal cabling makes all the difference.
- Horizontal cabling connect the work stations with the network via some devices that include routers, patch panels, switches and so on. All these devices are parts of the TR or Telecommunication Rooms.
- Installation or setting up of the data cabling is taken care of by an internationally accepted and standardized sets of cabling parameters, with the most prominent of them being the EIA/TIA 568-B standard. These stats actually specify the fact that each and every permanent link of the cable that runs from the patch panel to the network device must not be over 90 m long.
- The maximum allowable force that is used at the time of installation of the cables should not be more than 20 ft lb/cable.
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